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Economically disadvantaged students are those who participate in, or whose family participates in, economic assistance programs, such as the free or reduced-price lunch programs, Social Security Insurance (SSI), Food Stamps, Foster Care, Refugee Assistance (cash or medical assistance), Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), Home Energy Assistance Program (HEAP), Safety Net Assistance (SNA), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), or Family Assistance: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). If one student in a family is identified as low income, all students from that household (economic unit) may be identified as low income.

English Language Learners (ELLs) are those who, by reason of foreign birth or ancestry, speak or understand a language other than English and speak or understand little or no English, and require support in order to become proficient in English and are identified pursuant to Section 154.3 of Commissioner's Regulations.

  • English as a New Language - program where ELL students learn to speak, understand, read and write English with a teacher who is specially trained in English as a New Language theories and strategies. The student's primary or home language is used as a vehicle to help learn English.
  • One Way/ Two Way Dual Language - programs offer ELL students the opportunity to become bilingual and bicultural while improving their academic ability. In the One Way Dual Language program model, students who come from the same primary or home language and/or background are provided instruction in both English and the home language simultaneously. The Two Way Dual Language program includes both native and English speakers; teachers provide instruction in both languages.
  • Transitional Bilingual Education Program - programs offer ELL students of the same primary or home language the opportunity to learn in English while continuing to learn content in their home language. Students' primary or home language is used to help them progress academically in all content areas while they acquire English. Instruction begins with a minimum of 60% instruction in the student's primary or home language and 40% in English; over time, instruction in English increases until the student has acquired the mandated level of English proficiency.

Students who are not identified as English Language Learner (ELL) in the current school year but who were identified in at least one of the previous four school years are considered "Former ELL."

Gender of the student being reported, as identified by the student. In the case of very young students not yet able to advocate for themselves, gender may be identified by the parent or guardian. A student's gender category can change from year to year if they change how they identify.

Instructional level for the student, as determined by the school district. Students classified by districts as "pre-first" are included in first grade counts. Ungraded students are those assigned to a class that is not organized on the basis of grade grouping and has no standard grade designation. This includes both regular and special classes that have no grade designations. Such a class may contain students of different ages who are identified according to level of performance in one or more areas of instruction, rather than according to grade level or age level. The definition of 'Ungraded' does not include out-of-school youth, preschoolers, or children who are not yet school age. Ungraded Elementary includes ungraded students who are age equivalent to students in Kindergarten through 6th grade. Ungraded Secondary includes ungraded students who are age equivalent to students in 7th through 12th grade.

Language routinely spoken in the student's home. This language or dialect may or may not be the student's native language.

Race or races with which the student primarily identifies as indicated by the student or the parent/guardian.

  • American Indian or Alaska Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition.
  • Asian or Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam; or a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
  • Black or African American: A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa.
  • Hispanic or Latino: A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
  • White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.
  • Multiracial: Non-Hispanic students who are reported with more than one race.

Students with disabilities are those who have been identified as such by the Committee on Special Education and are receiving services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Students with disabilities include those having an intellectual disability; hearing impairment, including deafness; speech or language impairment; visual impairment, including blindness; emotional disability; orthopedic impairment; autism; traumatic brain injury; developmental delay; other health impairment; specific learning disability; deaf-blindness; or multiple disabilities and who, by reason thereof, receive special education and related services under the IDEA according to an Individualized Education Program (IEP), Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP), or a services plan.