GLOSSARY OF TERMS - ESSA FINANCIAL TRANSPARENCY DATA

A school district's ability to raise local funds is classified as significantly more, slightly more, slightly less, or significantly less than the statewide average.

Student needs in a school district are classified as significantly higher, slightly higher, slightly lower, or significantly lower than the statewide average.

Economically disadvantaged students are those who participate in, or whose family participates in, economic assistance programs, such as the free or reduced-price lunch programs, Social Security Insurance (SSI), Food Stamps, Foster Care, Refugee Assistance (cash or medical assistance), Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), Home Energy Assistance Program (HEAP), Safety Net Assistance (SNA), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), or Family Assistance: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). If one student in a family is identified as low income, all students from that household (economic unit) may be identified as low income.

English Language Learners (ELLs) are those who, by reason of foreign birth or ancestry, speak or understand a language other than English and speak or understand little or no English, and require support in order to become proficient in English and are identified pursuant to Section 154.3 of Commissioner's Regulations.

  • Newcomers - ELL students receiving ELL services through an ELL program for a duration of less than or equal to 3 years
  • Developing - ELL students receiving ELL services through an ELL program for a duration of 4 to 6 years
  • Long Term - ELL students receiving ELL services through an ELL program for a duration greater than or equal to 7 years
  • SIFE - Students identified as having Inconsistent/Interrupted Formal Education.
    • English Language Learners/Multilingual Learners who have attended schools in the United States (the 50 States and the District of Columbia) for less than twelve months and
    • upon initial enrollment in such schools are two or more years below grade level in literacy in their home language; and/or
    • are two or more years below grade level in math due to inconsistent or interrupted schooling prior to arrival in the United States (the 50 States and the District of Columbia).

The need/resource capacity index, a measure of a district's ability to meet the needs of its students with local resources.

Race or races with which the student primarily identifies as indicated by the student or the parent/guardian.

  • American Indian or Alaska Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition.
  • Asian or Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander: : A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam; or a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
  • Black or African American: A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa.
  • Hispanic or Latino: A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
  • White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.
  • Multiracial: Non-Hispanic students who are reported with more than one race.

Students with disabilities are those who have been identified as such by the Committee on Special Education and are receiving services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Students with disabilities include those having an intellectual disability; hearing impairment, including deafness; speech or language impairment; visual impairment, including blindness; serious emotional disturbance; orthopedic impairment; autism; traumatic brain injury; developmental delay; other health impairment; specific learning disability; deaf-blindness; or multiple disabilities and who, by reason thereof, receive special education and related services under the IDEA according to an Individualized Education Program (IEP), Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP), or a services plan.


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